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The main problems at schools with bad infrastructure is bad sanitation, classrooms and bathrooms that are overcrowded, water supply, and most of them do not have libraries (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).
Wenani Ngxabani is the governing body and chairman of the Samson Senior Primary School in Lebode, Eastern Cape. He says that the possible cause of this problem can be that schools are at the bottom of the list for renovations and furniture in the province (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).
Yoliswa Dwane, of Equal Education, says that the government has taken note of the infrastructure problems, but have failed to do anything about it (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).
The absence of prescribed minimum norms and standards, has a particularly harsh impact on school students (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).


Some schools do not have running water and rely on water tanks provided by the community. The lack of water affects the learners as they are often extremely thirsty and lose concentration easily. The toilets are at a low condition, so low that some students become ill. During the rainy season, some teachers struggle to teach because of the roofs that have leaks. Sometimes it can be so bad that it is impossible to teach in (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).
The following is an example of how it can affect schools: At Meadowridge Primary School in Lentegeur, Mitchells Plain, 1 192 pupils share 32 toilets. Principal Norman Daniels says:" they are in poor state and in need of repair". "The pipes are very old and corroded, the lids are broken, there is no tiling and there is urine seeping into the cement", he says. The school's art room, technology room, science room and one of two storerooms are used as classrooms because of overcrowding (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).


Regarding the infrastructure problem
Yes, there are ways to prevent the conditions from getting worse. Equal Education's Yoliswa Dwane says that the publication of norms and standards would prevent provinces like the Eastern Cape from underspending on infrastructure (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).
The Eastern Cape provincial government is investing heavily in school infrastructure (Macupe & Hawker, 2012).
The Accelerated Schools Infrastructure Delivery Initiative programme (ASIDI) is the government's programme aimed at eradicating inappropriate school facilities, primarily in the rural areas of South Africa. The government is not only improving schools, they are building newer and better ones. Dweba Senior Secondary School became the 134th school built under the ASIDI (Masualle, 2017).
The reason for spending money and investing, is as we continue to improve the quality of teaching and learning through investing in quality infrastructure, we are faced the annual increase in student enrolment in the province. This creates job opportunities and strengthens other infrastructure services. School infrastructure investment is the starting point to greater economic growth and at the end, economic transformation (Masualle, 2017).
People try to gather money using crowdfunding to make sure that the product idea they have, gets validated, they can't find any other way to gather funds or because they don't want to use all their money and end up being broke whilst trying to develop the product (Cudmore, 2017).
To run a successful crowdfunding campaign, you need a large number of people to be passionate in the solution that you're offering. They're buying what you offer them, knowing that they are going to wait several months before seeing the outcome. They have to really want what you are offering. Some crowdfunding campaigns are vessels for donations, but there also needs to be a lot of desire to support the cause (Cudmore, 2017).
It is not commonly used because most of the time, it's not as easy as it sounds. The majority of crowdfunding campaigns fail and in fact, only an average of 26% meet their funding goals (Cudmore, 2017).
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